Needs Improvement

Percent of Residents Who Take Transit, Walk, or Bike to Work


It is the goal of the City to reach the established goal over time whereas improvements within the infrastructure through the City will help achieve this goal.


This measure is used to evaluate whether City investments in sidewalks, bicycle lanes, bicycle racks, transit services and transit stops are having an effect on the travel habits of residents and employees of Durham. This is not an ideal measure of usage since a majority of all travel is for trips other than work. However, the data for this measure is a useful surrogate since it is readily available and annually collected by the U.S. Census Bureau through the American Community Survey. While we are currently below the target (9.0% for 2013-2017 compared to a target of 11.0%), the City has just made significant investments in transit through the Transit Investment Plan. 

Note: In the past a three-year estimate was used from ACS. However, the Census Bureau no longer releases three-year estimates so five-year estimates have replaced the prior estimate periodicity.

The most recent data published in November 2018 is for 2017, which represents the American Community Survey 5 year estimates from 2013-2017.

Next Steps

Most people in Durham get to work by driving alone. However, by providing transportation choices, the City can help Durham residents save money, improve the health of their neighborhoods, and promote equity.

The City of Durham has recently updated its Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans and consolidated them into one document. The plan will help the City determine which bicycle and pedestrian facilities are the most critically needed to improve safety, connectivity, and quality of life. It will also help the City identify the best funding strategy to streamline the process of design and implementation. From 2017 to 2018, 17 miles of bike lanes were added and 7 sidewalk gaps filled. This is approximately 0.4 miles based on the Bike-Walk Plan.

The Durham County Bus and Rail Investment Plan specifies how the half cent sales tax approved by Durham voters in November 2011 is used to support new and improved bus services throughout Durham County as well as a light rail transit system between Durham and Orange counties.

Status Indicators: On Target On Target | Close to Target Close to Target | Needs Improvement Needs Improvement | Target Pending Target Pending